The current situation on agricultural commodity markets and the currently very high prices for food are bringing these goals to the centre of general attention. The central objective of the project is to review and evaluate the available information, findings and data in order to be able to determine, on the basis of suitable indicators, the extent to which the objectives of supply security are being achieved, so that further measures can be taken if necessary. The information should be made available to all decision-makers, including farmers.
In order to achieve this basic objective, the following sub-objectives will be pursued:
- Creation of an up-to-date internet presence to ensure price transparency
- Development of a method that uses existing data sources to create transparency on the volumes and values available in Austria along the agri-food value chain.
- Development of a prototype dashboard to show the robustness of international supply and value chains relevant for Austria.
- To develop a method for forecasting the inflation of food and energy products
- The creation of decision-making bases and options for action on issues of supply security
Planned procedure and implementation
The entire project led by WIFO is divided into six work packages, whereby the Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics and Mining is significantly involved in three work packages.
Work package 1: Price portal at the Federal Institute for Agricultural Economics and Mining Research
Currently, there are various institutions, each of which provides data for their specific purposes. On the website (www.landnutzung.at/preise.html) financed by the EU within the framework of an EIP project, some aspects are already well implemented. However, there is a lot of data (e.g. from AMA, AMA GmbH and the Chambers of Agriculture) that is not integrated. The functionality can also be improved with regard to the individualisation of the data provided by the website. Possibilities should be sought to compile a personal dashboard.
The participating institutions BAB, AMA, LKÖ, WIFO provide an interface for the price portal. The following work steps are aimed at:
- Transfer of the stocks (as far as legally permissible) and the functionality of the websitelandnut-zung.at/preise.html to a new price portal operated by BAB..;
- the institutions involved (AMA, Austrian Chamber of Agriculture, WIFO) develop suitable electronic interfaces that enable the automated transfer of entered price data;
- a prototype of the BAB price portal is tested for its suitability by stakeholders before publication and the identified deficiencies are eliminated before the finished price portal is rolled out;
- the key points for customising the price portal are developed in a concept and a cost estimate is presented;
- a short report on the outlook for the further procedure outlines which further products can be included in the course of extensions and to what extent other institutions (e.g. Statistics Austria, the food trade) can contribute to the extension of the functionality.
Work package 2: Transparency of available quantities of agricultural goods and food in Austria
In cooperation with the AMA (work package leader), the value chains of exemplarily selected agricultural sectors are analysed and graphically presented. For this purpose it is necessary to identify all actors (nodes) and their relations (flows). The results are to be presented in the form of Sankey diagrams for illustration purposes. The selection of the sector to be analysed (proposal pork sector, grain sector) was made in consultation with the client. Based on the quantitative description of the material flows, a value flow representation is to be added in accordance with the available price data.
The planned work steps can be summarised as follows:
- Delimitation of the concrete contents and definition of the case study for the volume flow analysis;
- Review and structuring of the data available at the institutions involved;
- Review of additional relevant data at other institutions and at other relevant institutions (e.g. Statistics Austria) and research projects;
- Identification of data gaps and proposals for closing them (if necessary, follow-up surveys or interviews with actors in the sector);
- Implementation of the case study and visualisation of the volume flow analysis by means of Sankey diagrams, (report);
- Development of a concept for the implementation of a value stream analysis and comparable analyses for other products or product groups;
- Documentation of the results in a report.
Work package 3: Dashboard for the robustness of international supply and value chains in the area of agricultural goods and food
In this work package, led by WIFO, foreign trade represents the direct interface between work packages 2 and 3. By referring to the nodes and material flows listed in work package 2, the factors that are decisive for the functioning of the value chain are to be identified and described. Work package 3 focuses on the robustness of the supply and value chains at the global level. This includes the following work steps:
- Presentation in the form of a qualitative description of the essential inputs for the production of agricultural goods and food (e.g. energy, logistics, labour, raw materials, packaging material, etc.) at national level using the example of the "meat" value chain;
- Documentation of the results in a report.
Project start: 11/2022
Project end: 05/2023